Uzbek ikat fabrics are inique in many ways.

First and foremost, they are made of 100% manural fibers. Depending on a fabric, the fiber content varies from pure silk ikat fabric, cotton and silk blend ikat fabric (also knows as "adras") and pure cotton ikat material ("boz") .

Secondly, ikat fabric making to this day they is an entirely manual process.

Thirdly, and this is the point to which we would like to devote this post, most ikat fabrics made in Uzbekistan have a luxurious moire pattern.

What is moire you might ask? Wikipedia defines moire fabric as follows: 

"Moire is produced from two distinctly different methods of finishing. Calendering produces the true moire, known as "moire antique" and "moire Anglaise", which is a purely physical phenomenon. In calendering, the fabric is folded lengthwise in half with the face side inward, and with the two selvedges running together side by side. To produce moire, ribbed rollers are used, and the ribs produce the watermark effect. The rollers polish the surface and make the fabric smoother and more lustrous."

In simple English, it is a finishing process as a result of which the ikat fabric has a beautiful lustrous  watermarks-like finishing. Please see a photo below.

Word of caution: the finishing will wash off if the fabric is washed. Therefore, dry cleaning is recommended for  ikat fabrics.

Polkadot brown white ikat fabric

Polka dot ikat fabric in brown and white