We often come across people from other parts of the world who are passionate about Uzbek Ikat fabrics as much as we are. This post is a teaser to make sure your “I sooooo want to go to Fergana Valley!” finally comes true.

If you are in love with Ikat fabrics the place in Fergana Valley where you need to go is Margilan. Margilan flourished as an ancient settlement on one of the branches of the Silk Road. How sericulture and silk Ikat fabric making developed here is surrounded with of legends. The present day fact is - artisans of Margilan are keepers of sericulture and Ikat weaving traditions of Uzbekistan.

- Population of Margilan: 215,400 (2014) 

- Each house in Margilan has something to do with silk making, Ikat dying, ikat weaving or ikat fabric distribution. 

-  Silk yarn is mainly produced at a factory called “Margilan Silk Vats”. The factory runs on French equipment from “Les Atelier Diederichs de Bourbon” which was imported after WW2. For the local market they produce silk yarn for Margilani artisans. The rest of their silk fabrics is exported from Uzbekistan. A tour of the factory can probably (!) be organized, you need to ask your travel guide to arrange one for you.

- “Yodgorlik” (formerly state owned factory) is a where you can see Ikat making process from a cocoon to a lush hand died and handloom woven Ikat fabrics. Here you can also buy their Ikat fabrics.

- There are several types of fabrics made in Margilan:

Boz: 100% cotton Ikat fabric. 

Adras: silk and cotton fabric. In case of Ikat adras, the same pattern is visible on both sides

Atlas: silk or silk/cotton fabric with a smooth shiny surface. 

Ala bahmal: silk Ikat velvet

Sheer silk fabric: mainly produced at “Margilan Silk Vats”

- All fibers (mainly silk and cotton) used in the production of fabrics are natural and are sourced in Uzbekistan.

- Dyes are often natural, however, for bold and bright patterns synthetic dyes are often used. We will be updating this post as we go.

- The best places to buy ikat fabrics is either directly from artisans or at a bazaar which will offer a greater selection of ikat material.

- Dyes are often natural, however, for bold and bright patterns synthetic dyes are often used. We will be updating this post as we go.

- The best places to buy ikat fabrics is either directly from artisans or at a bazaar which will offer a greater selection of ikat material.

We will be updating this post as we go. As of now do you some burning questions we can answer? :)

Margilan silk VATS silk yarn weaving

Equipment at "Margilan Silk Vats"