What is Ikat? Wikipedia defined Ikat as “a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employ a resist dyeing process on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric”. It is a centuries old traditional fabric with hand-dyed technique using a resist dying and woven method.
For Ikat, they are individual yarns or bundles of yarns that are bind together to form the resist and the desired pattern; it is achieved with a tight wrapping applied on them. A typical Ikat textile is characterized by apparent "blurriness" in the design. The blurriness is a resultant effect of the exertion of the weaver in lining up the dyed yarns in an effort to make the pattern come out perfectly in the finished product. The blurriness can however be reduced by the skill of the craftsman/woman when finer yarns are used.
The dyeing technique used in Ikat fabric weaving varies widely. Many have ethnic, ritual or symbolic meaning while some are being developed for export trade. Conventionally, Ikat fabrics are signs of class, status, wealth, power and prestige for those who use it. The reason is due to the time and complexity of skill immersed in its weaving making it outstanding among fabrics.
Ikat is very unique owing to the fact that the resist is applied to the yarns before they are woven into clothe, where in both fabric faces are patterned. While in other resist-dyeing techniques such as tie-dye and batik, the resist is directly applied to the woven clothe. This makes Ikat’s style come out marvelously and great to behold for the sight.
Ikat Fabric Samples
All over the world, from India, Central Asia, Southeast Asia to Japan including Africa and Latin America Ikat fabrics is produced with different techniques and specifications. But it is Ikat fabrics from Uzbekistan that is still reigning, becoming the hit in fashion and interior design industries lately. They are more popular for their large and bold Ikat patterns.
Another uniqueness of Ikat is its universal weaving style that is common to several cultures of the world. This is adjudged to be one of the oldest forms of textile ornament. Its popularity this day is beyond measure and tis will last for a very long time no doubt, as the beauty always amaze people.
Ikat fabrics can be used in several ways for a variety of things like chic Ikat upholstery fabric and Ikat curtains. It can also be used as Ikat pillow covers, Ikat throws and Ikat quilt all for beautification and comfort.
Care of Ikat Fabrics
Good dry cleaner: Good dry cleaners that will not use harsh chemical must always be allowed to handle your cloth. Vacuuming frequently is also an advantage because you won't have to dry clean often.
Treat spills promptly: Spill on your fabric must be treated as a matter of urgency gently with dry absorbent cloth. Rubbing will damage the cloth, so do not rub. You can also blot spills with a clean white cloth or plain paper towel.
Washing: When washing your Ikat fabrics in the machine, wash separately in cold water with mild detergent and no bleach. Spin at low setting or line dry.